Health-Related Quality of Life and Cancer-Related Symptoms During Interdisciplinary Outpatient Rehabilitation for Malignant Brain Tumor

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ObjectiveThe aim of the study was to determine the relationships between functional outcomes, clinical symptoms, and health-related quality of life among patients with malignant brain tumors receiving interdisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation.DesignA prospective study of 49 adults with malignant brain tumors participating in outpatient therapies was performed. Outcome measures included the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Brain (FACT-Br) for health-related quality of life and the Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Instrument Survey (PROMIS) Depression and Pain Behavior scales measured at admission, discharge, 1 and 3 mos after discharge. Day Rehabilitation Outcome Scale (DayROS), a functional measure, was measured at admission and discharge.ResultsThe FACT-Br scores, PROMIS pain, and PROMIS depression scores did not significantly change. There were many negative associations seen between FACT-Br and PROMIS depression (all P < .0001) and less associations with PROMIS pain. There was a positive correlation between Day Rehabilitation Outcome Scale and FACT-Br (P = .0058) and a negative association with PROMIS pain (P = .028), but not with PROMIS depression. There were no correlations between Day Rehabilitation Outcome Scale gains and change in PROMIS depression, FACT-Br total, or PROMIS pain.ConclusionsHealth-related quality of life, pain, and depression did not worsen. Patients who reported less depression and pain had better reported health-related quality of life. Level of function was also associated with HRQOL and pain, but not depression.

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