Activated Leukocyte Cell Adhesion Molecule Stimulates the T-Cell Response in Allergic Asthma

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Abstract

Rationale:

The activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) is a cluster of differentiation 6 ligand that is important for stabilizing the immunological synapse and inducing T-cell activation and proliferation.

Objectives:

In this study, we investigated the role of ALCAM in the development of inflammation in allergic asthma.

Methods:

An ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma model was established in wild-type (WT) and ALCAM-deficient (ALCAM−/−) mice. T-cell proliferation was evaluated in cocultures with dendritic cells (DCs). Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) from WT and ALCAM−/− mice were cultured and adoptively transferred to OT-II mice for either OVA sensitization or challenge. An anti-ALCAM antibody was administered to assess its therapeutic potential. ALCAM concentrations in the sputum and serum of children with asthma were quantified by ELISA.

Measurements and Main Results:

Inflammatory responses were lower in ALCAM−/− mice than in WT mice, and T cells cocultured with DCs from ALCAM−/− mice showed reduced proliferation relative to those cocultured with DCs from WT mice. A decreased inflammatory response was observed upon adoptive transfer of BMDCs from ALCAM−/− mice as compared with that observed after transfer of BMDCs from WT mice. In addition, anti-ALCAM antibody-treated mice showed a reduced inflammatory response, and sputum and serum ALCAM concentrations were higher in children with asthma than in control subjects.

Conclusions:

ALCAM contributes to OVA-induced allergic asthma by stimulating T-cell activation and proliferation, suggesting it as a potential therapeutic target for allergic asthma.

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