Disparities in Mortality of Hispanic Patients with Cystic Fibrosis in the United States. A National and Regional Cohort Study

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Patients of Hispanic origin with cystic fibrosis (CF) are the largest growing minority, representing 8.5% of patients with CF in the United States. No national survival analysis of this group has ever been undertaken.


We aimed to determine whether Hispanic ethnicity within the CF population is associated with worse outcomes and whether any geographic differences exist.


Using U.S. Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Patient Registry data from 2010 to 2014, we performed a retrospective cohort analysis comparing survival rates between Hispanics and non-Hispanics using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. A subject's residence was categorized into geographic regions based on U.S. Census Bureau data: Northeast, Midwest, West, and South.

Measurements and Main Results:

A total of 29,637 patients were included in the study; 2,493 identified themselves as Hispanic. Hispanics had a lower survival probability overall, with a mean age of death of 22.4 ± 9.9 years compared with non-Hispanics of 28.1 ± 10.0 years (P < 0.0001). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards modeling revealed that Hispanic patients with CF had a 1.27 times higher rate of death compared with non-Hispanics (95% confidence interval, 1.05-1.53) after adjusting for covariates including age, sex, genetic mutations, bacterial cultures, lung function, body mass index, use of CF respiratory therapies, low socioeconomic status, pancreatic enzyme use, and CF-related diabetes. When analyzed by region, Hispanics in the Midwest, Northeast, and West had shorter median survivals compared with non-Hispanics, which was not demonstrated in the South.


Patients with CF of Hispanic origin have a higher mortality rate than non-Hispanic patients with CF. This pattern was seen in the Midwest, Northeast, and West but not in the South.

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