Immediate Effects of a Knee Brace With a Constraint to Knee Extension on Knee Kinematics and Ground Reaction Forces in a Stop-Jump Task

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Abstract

Background

A small knee flexion angle in landing tasks was identified as a possible risk factor for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries that are common in sports.

Hypothesis

A specially designed knee brace with a constraint to knee extension would significantly increase the knee flexion angle at the landing of athletic tasks preceded with horizontal movement components, such as stop-jump tasks.

Study Design

Repeated measure design for brace effects.

Methods

Three-dimensional videographic and force plate data were collected for 10 male and 10 female recreational athletes performing a stop-jump task with and without the specially designed brace. Knee flexion angle at landing, maximum knee flexion angle, and peak ground reaction forces during the stance phase of the stop-jump task were determined for each subject with and without the knee brace.

Results

The knee brace decreased the knee flexion angle at the landing by 5° for both genders but did not significantly affect the peak ground reaction forces during the landing.

Conclusions

The specially designed knee brace may be a useful device in the prevention and rehabilitation of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in sports.

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