The Effects of Medialization and Anteromedialization of the Tibial Tubercle on Patellofemoral Mechanics and Kinematics

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Medialization and anteromedialization of the tibial tubercle are used to correct patellar subluxation in adults.


To compare the effects of the 2 osteotomies on patellofemoral joint contact pressures and kinematics.

Study Design

Controlled laboratory study.


Tibial tubercle osteotomies were performed on 10 cadaveric human knees. The knees were tested between 0° and 90° of flexion while dynamic patellofemoral joint contact pressure and kinematic data were simultaneously obtained. Four conditions were tested: normal knee alignment, simulated increased Q angle, postmedialization of the tibial tubercle, and postanteromedialization of the tubercle.


An increased Q angle laterally translated the patella, shifted force to the lateral facet, and increased patella contact pressures. Both medialization and anteromedialization partially corrected the abnormal contact pressures. Medialization partially corrected the shift of force to the lateral facet induced by an increased Q angle, whereas the anteromedialization could not. Both medialization and anteromedialization corrected the patella maltracking.


Medialization and anteromedialization are equivalent in their ability to correct abnormal patellar mechanics and kinematics.

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