Taenia crassiceps: A New Human Pathogen in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome? Invasive Cysticercosis: A New Human Pathogen in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome?

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A fluctuant, painful, subcutaneous, and intermuscular tumor developed in a 38-year-old man with severe acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in which immunodeficiency was severe. Surgery revealed lesions that formed a multilocular pouch embedded in deep tissues in the forearm filled with tapiocalike material containing a viscous fluid, granules, and cysticercilike small vesicles. Pathologic and parasitologic evaluation showed cysticerci embedded in a fibrocollagen reaction with inflammatory granulomatous reaction. Each cysticercus contained an invaginated scolex with two rows of small (i.e., 80 μm) and large (i.e., 114 μm) rostellar hooks, identical to larva of Taenia crassiceps. All clinical, parasitologic, and pathologic features of these cysticerci were very different from those of all other larval cestode (i.e., Taenia solium cysticercosis, coenurosis, sparganosis, cysticercosis due to Taenia saginata [Cysticercus bovis], primary and secondary hydatidosis [Echinococcus species]). T crassiceps cysticerci usually develop in subcutis and pleuroperitoneal cavities of rodents, whereas the adult tapeworm is commonly found in the digestive tract of foxes. Biologic properties of T crassiceps cysticerci and epidemiologic characteristics of pandemic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) could eventually indicate new potential cases of T crassiceps cysticercosis in humans.

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