Incidence of New Stroke or New Myocardial Infarction or Death at 39-Month Follow Up in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, or Both Treated With and Without Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers

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We investigated in 306 patients, mean age 57 ± 10 years, with diabetes mellitus (202 patients) or hypertension (179 patients), whether treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) reduced the incidence of new stroke or new myocardial infarction (MI) or death. At 39-month follow up, new stroke or new MI or death developed in 49 of 228 patients (21%) treated with ACE inhibitors or ARBs and in 33 of 78 patients (42%) treated without angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or ARBs (P = 0.0001). Stepwise Cox regression analysis showed that significant independent predictors of the time to development of new stroke or new MI or death were 1) use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or ARBs (risk ratio, 0.21), 2) diabetes (risk ratio, 4.01), 3) left ventricular hypertrophy (risk ratio, 6.71), 4) prior stroke (risk ratio, 4.00), and 5) prior MI (risk ratio, 3.69).

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