Does Pantoprazole Affect the On-Treatment Platelet Reactivity in Patients With Acute STEMI Treated With ADP Receptor Blockers?—A Pilot Prospective Study

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Abstract

Background:

Proton pump inhibition (PPI) administrated together with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor blockers (ADPRB) significantly reduces the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. Nevertheless, there is a heated discussion about an interaction between PPI and ADPRB that leads to high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR).

Study Question:

Is there a relationship between pantoprazole PPI and HTPR on ADPRB therapy in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Methods:

Single center pilot study in patients with acute STEMI was performed. This study enrolled totally 87 patients (34 clopidogrel-treated and 53 new ADPRB-treated patients). Pantoprazole was administrated in 33 patients. HTPR was detected with ADP-induced light transmission aggregometry and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation analysis. Samples were taken before coronary angiography (sample 1) and on the next day after the procedure (sample 2).

Results:

No significant differences were found in pantoprazole-treated patients and patients without PPI neither in sample 1 (59.2 ± 29.5% vs. 54.9 ± 22.7%, P = 0.49) nor in sample 2 (43.8 ± 27.2% vs. 37.0 ± 22.9%, P = 0.30). Similarly, there were no significant differences in the platelet reactivity index of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation in both samples (sample 1: 53.3 ± 29.8% vs. 65.0 ± 20.5%, P = 0.11; sample 2: 30.8 ± 27.1% vs. 40.6 ± 27.5%, P = 0.19). A comparison of clopidogrel and new ADP receptor blockers in patients on pantoprazole PPI did not reveal significant differences in on-treatment platelet reactivity.

Conclusions:

This study did not reveal interaction between pantoprazole and ADPRB in patients with acute STEMI.

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