Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases-2/-9 is Associated With Microvessel Density in Pancreatic Cancer

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This study aimed to investigate the association of matrix-metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 with microvessel density (MVD) in pancreatic cancer. The tumor tissues and para-tumor tissues of 30 patients with pancreatic cancer were pathologically examined. The normal pancreatic tissues of another 17 patients served as controls. The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was examined using immunohistochemistry and scored. The association of MMP-2 and MMP-9 with the MVD values and pathological features were analyzed. The positive expression rates of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the tumor tissues were significantly higher than those in the para-tumor tissues (P < 0.01). In normal pancreatic tissues, both MMP-2 and MMP-9 expressions were negative. The MVD values increased significantly along with higher tumor node metastasis stages (P = 0.04). The MVD values were positively correlated with MMP-2 scores (r = 0.563, P < 0.05) and MMP-9 scores (r = 0.451, P < 0.05). The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 is associated with angiogenesis in pancreatic cancer. MMPs might be used as prognostic factors and therapy targets for patients with pancreatic cancer.

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