Kidneys from small pediatric donors are underutilized. Using data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients for donors <21 kg in which at least one organ was recovered from 1997 to 2007 (n = 3341), donor and recovery factors were evaluated by multivariate analysis for associations with (a) kidney nonrecovery and (b) transplantation of recovered kidneys. Results: The proportion of kidney recoveries were 55% during liver procurements and 40% during intestine procurements amongst donors <10 kg (p < 0.01) compared to 93% and 88%, respectively, for donors weighing 10–20 kg (p = 0.003). Intestine procurement was independently associated with an 81% greater likelihood of kidney nonrecovery (p < 0.0001) and a 48% lower likelihood of transplantation (p = 0.0004). A multivariate Cox model indicated that single kidney recipients had a 63% higher risk of graft failure compared with en bloc kidney recipients (p < 0.0001); however, concurrent intestine recovery was not a significant risk factor for graft loss. Intestine recovery from donors <21 kg of age is strongly associated with higher kidney nonrecovery and lower transplantation rates. Graft survival is worse with single kidney transplantation, but is not significantly affected by intestine recovery. Small pediatric donors procurement teams should strive to increase kidney recoveries overall and en bloc recoveries in particular.