Association Between Individual and Combined SNPs in Genes Related to Innate Immunity and Incidence of CMV Infection in Seropositive Kidney Transplant Recipients

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In this study, we assessed the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in seven candidate genes involved in orchestrating the immune response against cytomegalovirus (CMV) and the 12-month incidence of CMV infection in 315 CMV-seropositive kidney transplant (KT) recipients. Patients were managed either by antiviral prophylaxis or preemptive therapy. CMV infection occurred in 140 patients (44.4%), including 13 episodes of disease. After adjusting for various clinical covariates, patients harboring T-allele genotypes of interleukin-28B (IL28B) (rs12979860) SNP had lower incidence of CMV infection (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.46–0.96; p-value = 0.029). In the analysis restricted to patients not receiving prophylaxis, carriers of the TT genotype of toll-like receptor 9(TLR9)(rs5743836) SNP had lower incidence of infection (aHR: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.38–0.96; p-value = 0.035), whereas the GG genotype of dendritic cell-specific ICAM 3-grabbing nonintegrin(DC-SIGN)(rs735240) SNP exerted the opposite effect (aHR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.18–2.94; p-value = 0.008). An independent association was found between the number of unfavorable SNP genotypes carried by the patient and the incidence of CMV infection. In conclusion, specific SNPs inIL28B,TLR9andDC-SIGNgenes may play a role in modulating the susceptibility to CMV infection in CMV-seropositive KT recipients.

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