Obesity is often associated with the development of adipose tissue (AT) inflammation, resulting in metabolic dysfunction and an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. It is also associated with multiple chronic diseases, including cardiovascular, liver, and kidney disease, and thus can contribute to organ failure. Several studies have investigated whether there is a correlation between obesity and outcomes in transplantation, but there is currently very limited information on the specific role of AT inflammation in the rejection process or on the overall function of the transplanted organ. Here, we provide a brief review of the current understanding of the cellular mechanisms that control obesity-associated AT inflammation and summarize knowledge about how obesity affects clinical outcomes following solid organ or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We also highlight opportunities for more research to better understand how obesity affects outcomes of transplantation.
This minireview summarizes the current knowledge of obesity-associated adipose inflammation and its potential link to transplant outcomes.