ALCOHOL USE DISORDERS IN PRIMARY CARE PATIENTS IN CAGLIARI, ITALY

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Abstract

Aims

To evaluate the number of subjects with possible alcohol use disorders (SPAUD) among primary care patients in Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, by means of the self-administration of Alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT) and CAGE questionnaires.

Methods

939 patients waiting in 10 surgeries of primary care physicians were asked to take part in the study. A sample of 309 women and 197 men (total 506), aged between 18 and 65 years, agreed to participate and completed both questionnaires. SPAUD were defined as those achieving cut-off scores of 5 for AUDIT and/or 1 for CAGE.

Results

Seventy-nine (15.61%) patients were SPAUD, achieving a positive score in at least one questionnaire. Fifty-six (11.07%) and forty-six (9.09%) patients yielded positive results with AUDIT and CAGE, respectively. Twenty-three (4.55%) patients were positive at both AUDIT and CAGE. Significantly higher proportions of men than women were recorded among SPAUD.

Conclusions

The results of the present survey indicate a high number of SPAUD in a sample of primary care settings in Cagliari, closely similar to the occurrence of alcohol use disorders estimated in several other community-based primary care clinics in Western Countries.

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