Tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib relieves systemic and oral antigen-induced anaphylaxes in mice

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Abstract

To cite this article:

Yamaki K, Yoshino S. Tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib relieves systemic and oral antigen-induced anaphylaxes in mice. Allergy 2012; 67: 114–122.

Background:

Systemic and oral antigen-induced anaphylaxes are mediated by immunoglobulin (Ig) E and mast cells, but there is no satisfactory treatment for the life-threatening allergic reaction. We investigated the potential of the multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib to relieve anaphylactic reactions in food allergy and systemic anaphylaxis.

Methods:

Efficacy of oral sunitinib on oral and parenteral antigen-induced anaphylaxes in Balb/c mice was evaluated. IgE-dependent degranulation and growth of rat basophilic leukemia RBL2H3 and bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) in response to sunitinib were investigated.

Results:

Daily administration of sunitinib throughout antigen challenges prevented oral antigen-induced anaphylaxis including diarrhea, anaphylactic symptoms, and hypothermia. The mouse mast cell protease (MMCP)-1 concentration in serum and mast cell number in intestinal tissue after challenge were also decreased by the treatment. Spleen cells from sunitinib-treated mice contained smaller numbers of antigen-specific IgG-producing cells and secreted lower amounts of both Th1 and Th2 cytokines than those of the control mice, whereas the levels of antigen-specific antibodies in serum were not decreased. The reactions and MMCP-1 release in oral antigen-induced anaphylaxis and passive systemic anaphylaxis were attenuated even by a single predose of sunitinib. Degranulation and growth of RBL2H3 cells and BMMCs were greatly reduced by sunitinib.

Conclusion:

These results suggested that sunitinib relieves systemic and oral antigen-induced anaphylaxes by the prevention of mast cell activation and hyperplasia in intestinal tissue directly and indirectly through an immunosuppressive effect. Sunitinib and its related kinase inhibitors might be potential drugs for the treatment of food allergy and systemic anaphylaxis.

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