Cow's milk protein, a major food trigger for EoE in both children and adults, should be continuously avoided once identified as such. This study evaluates tolerance of a cow's milk-based extensively hydrolyzed formula (eHF) with regard to disease remission maintenance in adult patients with milk-triggered EoE.Methods
Seventeen adult patients in whom cow's milk was consecutively demonstrated to trigger EoE after an empiric six-food elimination diet-based study protocol and who subsequently maintained disease remission were prospectively recruited. They were given 400 ml of a cow's milk-based eHF daily for 8 weeks. Intraepithelial peak eosinophil and blood eosinophil counts, esophageal-related symptoms, serum total and specific IgE to major milk proteins, and eosinophil cationic protein were monitored before and after eHF intake.Results
Thirteen male and four female patients aged 17–56 completed the study protocol. 15 patients (88.24%) achieved and maintained EoE remission, while an infiltration of ≥15 eosinophils/hpf reappeared in the remaining two patients. No differences in age, gender, symptoms, and endoscopic appearance at baseline conditions or personal/family allergic background were observed between those patients who tolerated the eHF and those who did not. Symptom scores did not significantly change after eHF intake and were significantly lower than those documented at baseline conditions or after cow's milk challenge. No differences were documented in blood eosinophil counts or serum markers after eHF intake.Conclusion
Most adult patients with EoE triggered by cow's milk tolerate a cow's milk-based eHF, thus providing them with a safe, economical alternative to cow's milk.