Anti-inflammatory effects of once daily low dose inhaled ciclesonide in mild to moderate asthmatic patients

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Abstract

Background

Ciclesonide exhibits clinical efficacy at 160 μg (ex-actuator) once daily but the anti-inflammatory effects at this dose are not known. We wished to know whether 4 weeks therapy with ciclesonide pMDI 160 μg once daily in the morning exhibited significant anti-inflammatory effects.

Methods

Seventeen patients with mild persistent asthma (FEV1 3.35 l) were recruited into a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized crossover study. Measurements were made after ciclesonide and placebo treatment as well as after run-in and washout periods, for adenosine monophosphate (AMP) bronchial challenge (primary variable), exhaled nitric oxide (NO) and induced sputum (in a subgroup).

Results

The mean (SEM) AMP bronchial challenge PC20 following ciclesonide (140 (63) mg/ml) was significantly (P < 0.001) increased compared with placebo (17 (8) mg/ml), run-in (13 (5) mg/ml) and washout (9 (3) mg/ml) periods. This amounted to an eightfold (CI: 5.3–12.0) for ciclesonide vs placebo. Likewise, there were significant improvements in exhaled NO levels and a significant reduction in induced sputum eosinophil cell counts.

Conclusion

We have shown that inhaled ciclesonide given at 160 μg once daily in the morning exhibits significant anti-inflammatory effects that are in keeping with the previously described clinical effects.

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