One-week triple therapy using omeprazole, amoxycillin and clarithromycin for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori in patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia: influence of dosage of omeprazole and clarithromycin

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Abstract

Background:

Triple therapy based upon omeprazole, amoxycillin and clarithromycin for 7 days is the reference treatment used in France for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori. However, optimal dosages of omeprazole and clarithromycin have not been determined.

Aim:

To compare four eradication regimens using this treatment in patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia.

Methods:

Two hundred and seventy-four patients with symptoms of dyspepsia, normal upper GI endoscopy and a positive urease test were included in the study. A 13C-urea breath test (UBT) was obtained before and 6 weeks after treatment. Patients were randomized to one of the following 7-day regimens: 20 mg omeprazole o.m. plus amoxycillin 1000 mg b.d. plus clarithromycin 250 mg b.d. (O20AC500) or 20 mg omeprazole o.m. plus amoxycillin 1000 mg b.d. plus clarithromycin 500 mg b.d. (O20AC1000) or 20 mg omeprazole b.d. plus amoxycillin 1000 mg b.d. plus clarithromycin 250 mg b.d. (O40AC500) or 20 mg omeprazole b.d. plus amoxycillin 1000 mg b.d. plus clarithromycin 500 mg b.d. (O40AC1000). Compliance was assessed by returned tablet counts. Eradication was defined as conversion from positive 13C-UBT at entry to negative 13 C-UBT 6 weeks after cessation of therapy.

Results:

Two hundred and fifty-eight patients were included in the intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis. From the least to the most effective regimen, eradication rates were: O20AC1000: 60.0% (95% CI: 47.6-72.4), O20AC500: 64.1% (52.3-75.8), O40AC1000: 64.2% (52.7-75.7), O40AC500: 74.6% (64.2-85.0) (N.S.). Overall compliance was good in 92% of patients. The most frequent adverse events were diarrhoea and taste impairment, occurring mainly in the high-dose clarithromycin groups.

Conclusions:

Eradication rates obtained in this study were lower than those expected on the basis of previously reported studies. This study supports the use of a double dose of omeprazole, although the difference between groups was non-significant, but provides no argument in favour of a high dose of clarithromycin.

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