Systematic review: impaired drug absorption related to the co-administration of antisecretory therapy

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Abstract

Background

Due to suppression of gastric acidity during antisecretory therapy, an impaired absorption of co-administered drugs may occur.

Aim

To review evidence of impaired drug absorption related to the use of co-administered PPIs or H2RAs.

Methods

Systematic search of MEDLINE/EMBASE/SCOPUS databases (1980–September 2008) for English articles with keywords: drug malabsorption and absorption, stomach, anti-secretory/acid inhibitory drugs, histamine H2 antagonists, PPIs, gastric acid, pH, hypochlorhydria, gastric hypoacidity. From 2126 retrieved articles, 16 randomized crossover studies were identified investigating impaired absorption of nine different drugs in association with co-administration of PPIs or H2RAs. Information on investigated drug, study type, features of investigated subjects, study design, type of intervention, and study results were extracted.

Results

The identified studies investigated the absorption kinetics of nine drugs. Acid suppression reduced absorption of ketoconazole, itraconazole, atazanavir, cefpodoxime, enoxacin and dipyridamole (median Cmax reduction by 66.5%). An increased absorption of nifedipine and digoxin (median AUC increase by 10%) and a 2-fold-increase in alendronate bioavailability were observed.

Conclusions

Gastric pH appears relevant for absorption of some cardiovascular or infectious disease agents. Antisecretory treatment may significantly modify the absorption of co-administered drugs.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther29, 1219–1229

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