Generation of dyspeptic symptoms by direct acid and water infusion into the stomachs of functional dyspepsia patients and healthy subjects

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Abstract

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2012; 35: 175–182

Background

The mechanisms of the development of symptoms in functional dyspepsia (FD) patients have not been fully elucidated. We previously reported that acid directly infused into the stomach causes dyspeptic symptoms in asymptomatic healthy controls (HCs); however, the response to acid infusion of FD patients was not determined.

Aim

To investigate the severity of dyspeptic symptoms induced by direct acid infusion in FD subjects and HCs.

Methods

This was a multi-centre, cross-over, randomised, double-blind study in 23 FD subjects and 32 HCs. FD was defined using the Rome III criteria. All subjects were Helicobacter pylori negative. Each subject received two tests; 0.1 mol/L hydrochloric acid and water infused into the stomach. The presence and severity of 12 dyspeptic symptoms were assessed using a visual analogue scale.

Results

The proportion of subjects developing symptoms by acid or water infusion was significantly greater in FD subjects than HCs. All of the FD subjects experienced at least one symptom by water or acid infusion. In the FD subjects, the severity of symptoms was significantly greater with acid infusion than water infusion. The severity of symptoms in total and the scores for eight of the 12 symptoms induced by acid infusion was significantly greater in FD subjects than in HCs.

Conclusions

The severity of dyspeptic symptom generation induced by direct acid infusion into the stomach was significantly greater in functional dyspepsia subjects than in healthy controls, suggesting that hypersensitivity to acid is one of the important mechanisms of the development of symptoms in functional dyspepsia patients.

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