The risk predictive values of UK-PBC and GLOBE scoring system in Chinese patients with primary biliary cholangitis: the additional effect of anti-gp210

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Abstract

Background

Adequate risk stratification is critical for the management of the patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). The UK-PBC and GLOBE scoring systems for prognosis of PBC have been proposed recently, but have not been validated in Asian population.

Aim

To validate the UK-PBC and GLOBE scoring systems in Chinese patients for prognosis of PBC. To clarify the role of anti-gp210 as a biomarker, and to investigate whether anti-gp210 could affect the prognostic values of UK-PBC and GLOBE scoring systems.

Methods

We retrospectively analysed 276 patients with PBC evaluated between September 2004 and May 2016, including 133 anti-gp210+ and 143 anti-gp210− patients.

Results

The 5-year adverse outcome-free survivals of anti-gp210+ vs. anti-gp210− patients were 70% and 85%, respectively (P = 0.005). Cirrhosis (P = 0.001), albumin level ≤40 g/L (P = 0.011) and platelet count ≤153 × 109 (P < 0.001) had a superimposition effect on anti-gp210 antibody as a risk factor. Furthermore, long-term prognoses were evaluated using the UK-PBC and GLOBE scores. For UK-PBC scoring system, the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was 0.924 for all patients with PBC (n = 223), 0.940 for anti-gp210+ patients (n = 110) and 0.888 for anti-gp210− patients (n = 113). For GLOBE scoring system, the area under receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.901 for all patients with PBC (n = 223), 0.924 for anti-gp210+ patients (n = 110) and 0.848 for anti-gp210− patients (n = 113). UK-PBC score >0.0578 (P < 0.001, HR: 32.736, 95% CI: 11.368–94.267) and GLOBE score <0.850 (P < 0.001, HR: 18.763, 95% CI: 7.968–44.180) were associated with poorer outcomes in the whole cohort.

Conclusions

The UK-PBC and GLOBE scoring systems were good 5-year prognostic predictors in Chinese patients with PBC, especially in anti-gp210+ patients. As a biomarker, anti-gp210 antibody was associated with a more severe cholestatic manifestation and a worse long-term prognosis. The anti-gp210 antibody could be added to further optimise the UK-PBC and GLOBE scoring systems.

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