Protein-polyamine conjugation by transglutaminase in cancer cell differentiation: Review article

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Abstract

Considerable and intense progress has been made in the understanding of the chemistry, molecular biology and cell biology of transglutaminases (TGases: EC 2.3.2.13). The knowledge that very different processes such as cell growth, reproduction and death are dependent on the presence of adequate levels of these enzymes and that the amount of both free and protein-conjugated polyamines, formed by the enzyme, are capable of modulating the differentiation and proliferative capability of several cell types, has prompted a multitude of researchers to study the role of these fascinating molecules in cancer cell differentiation.

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