Impact and implications of yeast and human artificial chromosomes

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Artificial chromosomes have been developed in the last 10 years to sustain genome mapping and, more recently, to begin initiating functional studies and some approaches to gene therapy. The use of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) in mapping the human X chromosome is reported as an example. The requirements which have postponed the development of human artificial chromosomes have now been relatively met, and some prospects are previewed here.

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