Promotion of Adaptation in Battered Women: A Self-Efficacy Approach

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The purpose of this article is to describe the use of the Self-Efficacy Scale for Battered Women (SESFBW) in the development of a treatment plan for the abused woman. The authors describe how the SESFBW was developed to assess the self-efficacy needs of women (N= 43) who came to the emergency department with injuries and self-reported current abuse. Four needs related to self-efficacy were identified: a decreased ability to (a) talk to the nurse or doctor about the abusive situation, (b) call a shelter for abused women, (c) shrug off self doubts, and (d) express thoughts and feelings without fear. How data from a self-efficacy assessment were used in developing a teaching plan and intervention is included. Pre- and posttest scores on the SESFBW of six battered women showed a significant increase in self-efficacy scores at the completion of a group educational program. They conclude that the SESFBW is an easy and effective tool to assess self-efficacy and can form the basis for developing an individualized teaching plan to increase self-efficacy.

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