Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Implications for the Advanced Practice Nurse in Primary Care


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Abstract

PURPOSETo discuss the diagnosis and management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by the advanced practice nurse in primary care.DATA SOURCESSelected research and clinical articles.CONCLUSIONSThe disorder is an endocrinopathy characterized by chronic anovulation, resulting in multiple ovarian cysts. Recent research suggests a genetic etiology and a close association with obesity. Patients often present with hyperan-drogenism, irregular menses, and infertility. Management is directed at the alleviation of individual symptoms.IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICEIf left untreated, cardiovascular disease, abnormal insulin metabolism, and ovarian and endometrial cancers may develop.

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