Partners for NP Education: The 1999 AANP Preceptor and Faculty Survey


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Abstract

PurposeTo increase understanding of national trends in nurse practitioner (NP) clinical education, the Education Committee of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) con-ducted a survey at the 1999 National AANP Conference in Atlanta.Data SourcesA convenience sample of preceptors (n=87) and faculty (n=42) out of the total attendance of 1,744 responded to a written questionnaire.ConclusionsPreceptor respondents provided data concern-ing the number of NP students supervised, influence of student supervision on productiv-ity, and availability of incentives for precept-ing. Faculty reported placement and supervi-sion issues, the extent of precepting in their clinical practice site, and recognition and sup-port for this role. Faculty and preceptors dis-agreed about the types and number of incen-tives offered for accepting students as well as the congruence of clinical teaching activities and national teaching guidelines. Precepting did not appear to strongly influence preceptor productivity. External funding did not influ-ence opportunities for clinical education.Implications for PracticeIn 1998, the graduates of NP programs rose by 15.8% and over half of all nursing students enrolled in graduate nursing programs were seeking a NP education. This increase in stu-dents may compromise the ability of schools of nursing to insure quality clinical education of NP students by increasing faculty workload and placing greater demands on expert precep-tors in the community. Clinical education is also changing in light of changes in the health care system.

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