The Role of Exercise in the African-American Woman with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Application of the Health Belief Model

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PurposeTo determine whether aging African-American women with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus who maintain a regular exercise regimen possess different health beliefs and benefit from greater glycemic control than those who do not exercise regularly.Data SourcesA 32-item health belief model diabetes scale was administered to a convenience sample of 31 African-American women with type 2 diabetes.ConclusionsA group t-test identified statistically significant differences between “exercisers” and “nonexercisers” in perceived benefits and barriers to exercise and glycemic control.Implications for PracticeFindings may be utilized in the development of diabetic educational programs and compliance- enhancing treatment interventions that focus on the barriers and benefits of diabetes self-management.

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