Epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment options for skin and soft tissue infection caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus

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Purpose:This article reviews the evolving epidemiology of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) and the appropriate outpatient management of CA-MRSA skin and soft tissue infection. Further, the paper will provide the basis upon which an individualized patient educational plan may be developed.Data Sources:To complete this review, a search of English language publications was conducted through Medline and CINAHL databases (1966–2006).Conclusions:The epidemiology of CA-MRSA is becoming increasingly complex. Research that addresses the impact of this organism in high-risk populations and within families is urgently needed.Implications for Practice:Nurse practitioners must remain informed of the epidemiology of common and emerging drug-resistant organisms in their patient populations.

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