In vitro fertilization outcomes and alcohol consumption in at-risk drinkers: The effects of a randomized intervention

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Background and ObjectivesWomen's use of alcohol in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of fetal loss and birth defects. Also, alcohol use in women decreases the success of infertility treatment, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). Our goal was to determine if there were differences in IVF outcomes and alcohol use parameters among at-risk drinkers randomized to a brief intervention (BI) versus assessment only (AO).MethodsWe conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of BI or AO among at-risk drinkers on IVF. We studied 37 women (AO = 21; BI = 16).ResultsWhile the BI group had a significantly greater decrease in the number of drinks/drinking day compared to the AO group (p = .04), there were no differences in the likelihood of implantation failure, chemical pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, preterm birth, or live birth.ConclusionsBI and AO contributed to a decrease in alcohol use and did not demonstrate differences in IVF outcomes. A larger study may confirm these preliminary findings.Scientific SignificanceOur results will assist care providers in treating alcohol use in pregnancy in an effective way, such that IVF cycles and the chance of pregnancy are optimized. (Am J Addict 2013;22:481–485)

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