Characterization of Chromosome 14 Abnormalities by Interphase In Situ Hybridization and Comparative Genomic Hybridization in 124 Meningiomas: Correlation With Clinical, Histopathologic, and Prognostic Features


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Abstract

We analyzed quantitative chromosome 14 abnormalities in 124 meningiomas by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (iFISH) and confirmed the nature of abnormalities by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). We correlated the abnormalities with clinical, histopathologic, and prognostic factors.Of 124 cases, 50 (40.3%) showed loss (14.5%) or gain (25.8%) of the 14q32 chromosome region by iFISH. Most corresponded to numeric abnormalities: monosomy (12.9%), trisomy (1.6%), or tetrasomy (24.2%); in only 2 cases (1.6%), chromosome 14 loss did not involve the whole chromosome and was restricted to the 14q31–q32 region (confirmed by CGH). Cases with gain or monosomy corresponded more frequently to histologically malignant tumors (P = .009). Patients with monosomy 14/14q–, but not those with gain, more often were male (P = .04) and had a greater incidence of recurrence (P = .003) and shorter relapse-free survival (P = .03). The 2 patients with loss limited to 14q31–q32 had histologically benign tumors and no relapse after more than 5 years’follow-up.Most meningiomas with chromosome 14 abnormalities have numeric changes, with interstitial deletions of 14q31–q32 present in few cases. Of the abnormalities detected, only monosomy 14 showed an adverse prognostic impact.

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