Triploidy:  Variation of Phenotype


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objectives: Triploidy (69, XXX; 69, XXY; 69, XYY) accounts for 1% of conceptions, but the affected fetus often does not survive past the first trimester. Fetal development in triploidy is rare. A consecutive series was used to describe the fetal and placental phenotypes and compare them with previous publications.Methods: Fifty-four triploid fetuses were identified in the Active Malformations Surveillance Program between 1972 and 2012 at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. The phenotype was described from prenatal imaging and autopsy findings.Results: The diagnosis was confirmed by chromosome analysis in 53 of the 54 fetuses. Twenty-seven (50%) of the affected fetuses were identified during pregnancy. The abnormalities identified by prenatal ultrasound included renal malformations, heart defects, hydrocephalus, holoprosencephaly, and myelomeningocele. At autopsy, syndactyly, usually between fingers 3 and 4, was identified in 37 (69%) of the fetuses. Thirteen (24%) of the infants had the histologic features of a partial hydatidiform mole in the placenta.Conclusions: The presence of major malformations and growth restriction during pregnancy makes triploidy a potential diagnosis. There are no obligate clinical features in triploidy. Syndactyly, especially 3-4 syndactyly of the hands, is a distinctive feature. Cystic changes in the placenta can be seen by ultrasound during pregnancy. There was no difference in the phenotype between triploid infants associated with partial moles and those with nonmolar placentas.

    loading  Loading Related Articles