Supplemental Oxygen Is Not Required in Trauma Patients Treated With IV Opiates


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Abstract

The risk of respiratory depression can prevent the proper use of opioids in trauma patients and lead to use of supplemental oxygen. However, high FiO2 might contribute to atelectasis formation and consequently to relative hypoxia. Supplemental oxygen also can cause a risk of fire. In a randomized, controlled study we evaluated the need and effects of supplemental oxygen in 13 patients with extremity trauma who were treated pain-free with an intravenous opioid, oxycodone (dose range 6.75-13.6 mg). After opioid injection, 7 patients received 40% supplemental oxygen and 6 were breathing room air. Pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2), arterial blood gases, and hemodynamic parameters were monitored for 30 minutes. Atelectasis formation was evaluated with a computed tomography scan. No hypoxia, hypoventilation, or significant atelectasis formation was detected in any of the patients. Accordingly, routinely given supplemental oxygen was not considered necessary in these patients because no complications were seen. (Am J Emerg Med 2003;21:35-38. Copyright 2003, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.)

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