Lack of relationship between hypertension-associated symptoms and blood pressure in hypertensive ED patients


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Abstract

A number of cardiopulmonary and neurological symptoms are presumed to be associated with hypertension. We examined the prevalence of these symptoms in ED patients with elevated blood pressure (BP) and studied the relationship between symptom prevalence and BP value. We enrolled consecutive adult ED patients with sustained BP elevation (systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg, diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg). BP values were categorized according to Joint National Committee on Prevention, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, 6th Report criteria. Elevated BP was noted in 551 (29%) of 1908 patients. Unprompted complaints of hypertension-associated symptoms were noted in 26%, and there was no association between BP category and complaints other than dyspnea. Symptom interviews were conducted in 294 (56%) patients; 68% of this subset noted ≥1 current hypertension-associated symptom with no relationship between symptom prevalence and BP category. We conclude that symptoms putatively associated with hypertension are common among ED patients with elevated BP, and their prevalence appears unrelated to BP value.

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