The relationship between vascular inflammation and target organ damage in hypertensive crises☆,☆☆

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Objective:Hypertensive crises, divided depending on the presence of target organ damage (TOD), are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is responsible for the recruitment of monocytes to sites of vascular inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of vascular inflammation in development of TOD.Method:The patients were categorized according to the presence of TOD. Thirty-three patients (15 female; mean age, 68 ± 12 y) with TOD and 30 patients (14 female; mean age, 64 ± 12 y) without TOD were included to the study. In addition to routine laboratory parameters, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, uric acid, C-reactive protein (CRP), high sensitive CRP, and plasma MCP-1 levels were evaluated.Results:Neutrophil counts, white blood cells, high sensitive CRP, and uric acid levels were higher in patients with hypertensive crises. More importantly, CRP (7.2 mg/dL [2-37.8 mg/dL] vs 4.6 mg/dL [1.5-14 mg/dL] vs 2.7 mg/dL [1-8.1 mg/dL], P < .01) and MCP-1 levels (546 pg/mL [236-1350 pg/mL] vs 407 pg/mL [78-942 pg/mL] vs 264 pg/mL [34-579 pg/mL], P < .01) were higher in the group with TOD compared with other groups.Conclusion:In conclusion, plasma MCP-1 levels were significantly higher in patients with TOD. According to our results, we suggest that increased vascular inflammation and MCP-1 levels might be associated with the development of TOD in hypertensive crisis.

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