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The radiation risk posed by diagnostic computed tomography (CT) is a growing concern. The use of model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) technology reduces radiation exposure but requires additional processing time. The goal of this study was to compare MBIR and a standard CT reconstructive protocols in terms of emergency department (ED) visit duration and reduction in radiation exposure.A retrospective, matched, case-control design was used to compare patients who received MBIR and standard protocol abdomen and pelvis CTs. ED length of stay (LOS) and radiation exposure were the 2 primary outcome variables.During the study period, 121 patients met inclusion criteria and were matched to controls for a total of 242 subjects. Although the low-dose group LOS was slightly longer, there was no significant difference in LOS. Mean differences were 18 minutes overall (520 vs 502 minutes; P = .497), 11 minutes for admitted patients (587 vs 576 minutes; P = .839), and 22 minutes for discharged patients (490 vs 468 minutes; P = .482). The mean volume CT dose index for the standard-dose CT was 11.6 ± 8.3 and 7.7 ± 4.6 mGy for the reduced-dose CT, a 34% decrease (P < .001).Use of MBIR in the ED may provide decreased radiation exposure while minimally impacting ED LOS.