Combining early post-resuscitation EEG and HRV features improves the prognostic performance in cardiac arrest model of rats

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Objective:Early and reliable prediction of neurological outcome remains a challenge for comatose survivors of cardiac arrest (CA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive ability of EEG, heart rate variability (HRV) features and the combination of them for outcome prognostication in CA model of rats.Methods:Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into 6 groups (n = 8 each) with different cause and duration of untreated arrest. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was initiated after 5, 6 and 7 min of ventricular fibrillation or 4, 6 and 8 min of asphyxia. EEG and ECG were continuously recorded for 4 h under normothermia after resuscitation. The relationships between features of early post-resuscitation EEG, HRV and 96-hour outcome were investigated. Prognostic performances were evaluated using the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC).Results:All of the animals were successfully resuscitated and 27 of them survived to 96 h. Weighted-permutation entropy (WPE) and normalized high frequency (nHF) outperformed other EEG and HRV features for the prediction of survival. The AUC of WPE was markedly higher than that of nHF (0.892 vs. 0.759, p < 0.001). The AUC was 0.954 when WPE and nHF were combined using a logistic regression model, which was significantly higher than the individual EEG (p = 0.018) and HRV (p < 0.001) features.Conclusions:Earlier post-resuscitation HRV provided prognostic information complementary to quantitative EEG in the CA model of rats. The combination of EEG and HRV features leads to improving performance of outcome prognostication compared to either EEG or HRV based features alone.

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