Characterization of Interleukin-4-Stimulated Nasal Polyp Fibroblasts

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Chronic hyperplastic eosinophilic sinusitis is an inflammatory disease that results in the accumulation of eosinophils, fibroblasts, mast cells, and goblet cells at the site of injury. A common feature of this disease is the presence of nasal polyposis (NP). The current studies were designed to assess the contribution of interleukin (IL)-4 to fibroblast-mediated inflammation in chronic hyperplastic eosinophilic sinusitis/NP. In addition, we hypothesized that cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLT) may directly influence fibroblast-mediated fibrotic and remodeling pathways in this disorder. Fibroblasts were isolated from NP tissue. All fibroblast lines expressed the IL-4 receptor. IL-4 induced changes in mRNA and protein expression of fibrotic (transforming growth factor-β1 and -β2) and inflammatory cytokines and chemokines (IL-6 and CCL11) by fibroblasts as measured by semiquantitative and quantitative polymerase chain reaction, RNase protection assay, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of CysLT and other proinflammatory lipid receptors on fibroblasts was evaluated. CysLT1 and CysLT2 receptors were not expressed on fibroblasts; however, LPA1 receptor was constitutively expressed and LPA2 receptor expression was upregulated by IL-4. The metabolic cascade involved in CysLT synthesis was not expressed in fibroblasts and could not be induced by IL-4 treatment.

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