Sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography immediately after primary percutaneous coronary intervention identifies patients at risk for large infarcts

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Abstract

Background

Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction results in TIMI 3 flow in most patients. However, despite TIMI 3 flow, some patients do not achieve adequate tissue perfusion and have large infarctions. Techniques that, in the acute setting, could identify these patients at increased risk would potentially enable specific interventions to enhance perfusion. The object of the present study was to test whether corrected TIMI frame count (CTFC), myocardial blush grade (MBG), ST-segment resolution, and myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) can identify those patients who, despite successful treatment with primary PCI for ST-elevation myocardial infarction, are at risk for large infarcts.

Methods

In 61 patients with TIMI 3 flow after primary PCI, CTFC, MBG, ST-segment resolution, and quantitative MPI by technetium Tc 99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography were estimated immediately after primary PCI. Infarct size was assessed by peak lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and by MPI after 3 months.

Results

Infarct size by MPI was 12% (4, 23), and peak LDH was 1410 U/L (870, 2220); these measures correlated (ρ = 0.80, P < .001). The acute perfusion defect predicted infarct size using either method (MPI ρ = 0.88, P < .001; LDH ρ = 0.77, P < .001); ST-segment residual correlated weakly to infarct size, whereas CTFC and MBG did not. In multivariate analysis, the acute perfusion defect was the only significant predictor of infarct size.

Conclusion

Myocardial perfusion imaging performed immediately after successful PCI can identify patients at increased risk for large infarcts due to impaired tissue perfusion. Acute MPI might serve as a tool for early identification of patients, who, despite epicardial TIMI 3 flow, have inadequate tissue level perfusion.

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