The development of diagnostic biomarkers of acute cardiovascular disease remains an important topic of interest given potential use to aid in early diagnosis. Cardiac biomarkers of ischemia and heart failure have already proven to be clinically useful. Biomarkers of aortic diseases are also needed, especially for life-threatening conditions such as aortic dissection. In this review, we discuss the present status of the development of biomarkers of aortic diseases. Although aortic dissection has been most vigorously pursued, there has also been notable recent progress in biomarkers of aneurysms and inflammatory aortic disease.