Long-term outcomes of mitral regurgitation by type and severity

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Abstract

Background:

We aimed to determine the association of MR severity and type with all-cause death in a large, real-world, clinical setting.

Methods:

We reviewed full echocardiography studies at Duke Echocardiography Laboratory (01/01/1995–12/31/2010), classifying MR based on valve morphology, presence of coronary artery disease, and left ventricular size and function. Survival was compared among patients stratified by MR type and baseline severity.

Results:

Of 93,007 qualifying patients, 32,137 (34.6%) had ≥mild MR. A total of 8094 (8.7%) had moderate/severe MR, which was primary myxomatous (14.1%), primary non-myxomatous (6.2%), secondary non-ischemic (17.0%), and secondary ischemic (49.4%). At 10 years, patients with primary myxomatous MR or MR due to indeterminate cause had survival rates of >60%; primary non-myxomatous, secondary ischemic, and non-ischemic MR had survival rates <50%. While mild (HR 1.06, 95% CI 1.03–1.09), moderate (HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.27–1.37), and severe (HR 1.55, 95% CI 1.46–1.65) MR were independently associated with all-cause death, the relationship of increasing MR severity with mortality varied across MR types (P ≤ .001 for interaction); the highest risk associated with worsening severity was seen in primary myxomatous MR followed by secondary ischemic MR and primary non-myxomatous MR.

Conclusions:

Although MR severity is independently associated with increased all-cause death risk for most forms of MR, the absolute mortality rates associated with worse MR severity are much higher for primary myxomatous, non-myxomatous, and secondary ischemic MR. The findings from this study support carefully defining MR by type and severity.

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