Attracting women to psychology: Effects of university behavior and the labor market

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Abstract

Reviews certain behaviors of graduate departments in regard to possible sex discrimination to determine why more men than women enter graduate training in psychology. Possible discrimination in admissions and financial aid is discussed; no evidence of either possibility was found. Job market conditions for men and women are evaluated with data from a national sample of doctorate holders and from a recent survey of mobile or nontraditionally employed PhDs in psychology. Explanations for why female psychology PhDs receive, on the average, lower salaries than males, and why females are concentrated in lower-paying subspecialties, are considered. It is concluded that women may be dissuaded from pursuing careers in psychology more by the inability of their predecessors to obtain jobs as good as those held by men than by university policies. (13 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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