A method for predicting sequelae to meningitis

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Reviews medical and behavioral literature for concomitants to meningitis that might predict the likelihood of intellectual sequelae to the disease. Five variables were identified: (a) occurrence and controllability of seizures, (b) time lapse between onset of the illness and treatment, (c) length of hospitalization, (d) patient's age at time of illness, and (e) concentration of bacteria in the cerebrospinal fluid. These variables were used to form a 5-item checklist for rating meningitis patients at the time of dismissal from the hospital. The possibility that such early observations might relate to later development in a manner similar to the Apgar Scale, which is employed at birth, is discussed. It is concluded that physicians and behavioral scientists need to become more aware of intellectual sequelae to meningitis and the variables related to it. (13 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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