Perspectives on selfhood

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Abstract

Examines selfhood as the criterial features of the human condition from 3 perspectives: evolutionary or phylogenetic, cross-cultural and transhistorical, and developmental or ontogenetic. It is argued that to deal with the phenomena of selfhood, psychology has to be a historical and cultural science, as well as a biological one. The reflexiveness of selfhood makes theories about it important in partly constituting the selves that we are--an insight of the currently popular “attributional” approach. Yet the cognitive emphasis of the attributional approach requires balance from Jung's vision of dynamic archetypes. Indeed, if psychology is to begin to grasp the phenomena of selfhood, it needs to work in both the causal and the interpretative traditions, taken as complementary. (73 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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