Effect of same-sex and cross-sex role models on the subsequent academic productivity of scholars

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Measured the academic productivity of 4 groups: male PhDs who had male dissertation advisors, female PhDs who had female advisors, male PhDs who had female advisors, and female PhDs who had male advisors (n-ns = 26, 30, 25, and 29, respectively). As predicted, scholars in the 2 same-sex conditions published significantly more research than did scholars in the 2 cross-sex conditions. The possible advantages or facilitation effects of providing individuals with same-sex role models are discussed, along with factors that may inhibit professional advancement in the case of cross-sex role models. (8 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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