Emotional development

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Abstract

Discusses a number of theoretical and methodological developments that have contributed to the resurgence of interest in emotions: ethology; a shift from normative description to examination of underlying processes; a growing recognition of the essential interrelatedness among emotion, cognition, and motivation; and increasingly refined technology for measuring the neurophysiological concomitants of emotion. Several issues are considered: whether emotion is a unitary concept; the relations among different levels of emotional expression; the origins of individual differences in emotional expression; developmental changes in expression of emotions; the relations between emotional and cognitive development. It is suggested that there is need to take a critical look at both existing models of emotion and existing methodology. The simple deficiency model and measures are both seen as inadequate. Needed are models that recognize positive strivings and measures that tap individual feelings and self-perceptions. (31 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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