Haemodynamic effects of thoracic epidural anaesthesia during induction of anaesthesia: an investigation into the effects of tracheal intubation during target-controlled infusion of propofol*
We compared haemodynamic changes following induction of anaesthesia with propofol during tracheal intubation with and without epidural anaesthesia. Nineteen patients were divided into two groups to receive epidurally administered saline (Group C) or lidocaine 1.5% (Group E). The propofol infusion was started to produce blood concentrations of 3 μg.ml−1, and following fentanyl and vecuronium administration, tracheal intubation was performed. Mean arterial blood pressure (MBP), heart rate (HR), Bispectral index and effect-site propofol concentration were recorded. Time to loss of consciousness was significantly shorter in Group E than in Group C. The effect-site propofol concentration at loss of consciousness was significantly lower in Group E than in Group C. MBP and HR were significantly lower following propofol induction in both groups, and were significantly increased following intubation in Group C but not in Group E. In conclusion, epidural anaesthesia did not produce profound hypotension following induction of anaesthesia and produced a reduction in the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation during a target controlled infusion of propofol.