Comparison of two vascular-disrupting agents at a clinically relevant dose in rodent liver tumors with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

We sought to compare the therapeutic efficacy between two vascular-disrupting agents, combretastatin A4 phosphate (CA4P) and ZD6126, at a clinically relevant dose on tumor models with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Thirty rats with liver rhabdomyosarcoma were randomized into CA4P (10 mg/kg), ZD6126 (10 mg/kg), and control group (n=10 for each group). Multiparametric MRI biomarkers including tumor volume, enhancement ratio, necrosis ratio, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and Ktrans (volume transfer constant) derived from T2-weighted, T1-weighted, contrast-enhanced T1-weighted, and diffusion-weighted imaging, and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI were compared at pretreatment, 1 h, 6 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 120 h posttreatment; they were validated using ex-vivo techniques. Relative to rapidly growing tumors without necrosis in control rats, tumors grew slower in the CA4P group compared with the ZD6126 group with a higher necrosis ratio at 120 h (P<0.05), as proven by histopathology. In the CA4P group, Ktrans decreased from 1 h until 6 h, and partially recovered at 120 h. In the ZD6126 group, the reduced Ktrans at 1 h began to rebound from 6 h and exceeded the baseline value at 120 h (P<0.05), parallel to evolving enhancement ratios (P<0.05). ADC revealed more necrotic tumors with CA4P versus ZD6126 at 120 h (P<0.05). The different tumor responses were confirmed by ex-vivo microangiography and histopathology. CA4P was more effective than ZD6126 in impairing blood supply, inducing necrosis, and delaying growth in rat liver tumors at a clinically relevant dose. A single dose of vascular-disrupting agent was insufficient to destroy the tumor. The multiparametric MRI biomarkers enabled in-vivo noninvasive comparison of therapeutic efficacy between CA4P and ZD6126.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles