Power spectral analysis of the electroencephalogram during increasing end-expiratory concentrations of isoflurane, desflurane and sevoflurane

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Abstract

Summary

We studied the effects of increasing end-expiratory concentrations of isoflurane (0.3, 0.6, 0.9, 1.2 vol.%) (n = 12 patients), desflurane (1.5, 3.0, 4.5, 6.0 vol.%) (n = 12 patients) and sevoflurane (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 vol.%) (n = 12 patients) on power spectral analysis of the electroencephalogram (EEG). Spectral edge frequency (SEF), total power (TP) and relative power in the delta, theta, alpha and beta band were calculated. EEG changes were very similar within the three groups. SEF decreased, TP and relative power in the delta and theta band increased, power in the beta band decreased in a dose-dependent fashion with comparable regression lines. This indicates that MAC equivalent administration of isoflurane, desflurane and sevoflurane in clinically applied dose ranges is associated with equipotent EEG suppression.

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