Postoperative B-type Natriuretic Peptide for Prediction of Major Cardiac Events in Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: Systematic Review and Individual Patient Meta-analysis

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Abstract

Background:

It is unclear whether postoperative B-type natriuretic peptides (i.e., BNP and N-terminal proBNP) can predict cardiovascular complications in noncardiac surgery.

Methods:

The authors undertook a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis to determine whether postoperative BNPs predict postoperative cardiovascular complications at 30 and 180 days or more.

Results:

The authors identified 18 eligible studies (n = 2,051). For the primary outcome of 30-day mortality or nonfatal myocardial infarction, BNP of 245 pg/ml had an area under the curve of 0.71 (95% CI, 0.64–0.78), and N-terminal proBNP of 718 pg/ml had an area under the curve of 0.80 (95% CI, 0.77–0.84). These thresholds independently predicted 30-day mortality or nonfatal myocardial infarction (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 4.5; 95% CI, 2.74–7.4; P < 0.001), mortality (AOR, 4.2; 95% CI, 2.29–7.69; P < 0.001), cardiac mortality (AOR, 9.4; 95% CI, 0.32–254.34; P < 0.001), and cardiac failure (AOR, 18.5; 95% CI, 4.55–75.29; P < 0.001). For greater than or equal to 180-day outcomes, natriuretic peptides independently predicted mortality or nonfatal myocardial infarction (AOR, 3.3; 95% CI, 2.58–4.3; P < 0.001), mortality (AOR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.67–86; P < 0.001), cardiac mortality (AOR, 2.1; 95% CI, 0.05–1,385.17; P < 0.001), and cardiac failure (AOR, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.0–9.34; P = 0.022). Patients with BNP values of 0–250, greater than 250–400, and greater than 400 pg/ml suffered the primary outcome at a rate of 6.6, 15.7, and 29.5%, respectively. Patients with N-terminal proBNP values of 0–300, greater than 300–900, and greater than 900 pg/ml suffered the primary outcome at a rate of 1.8, 8.7, and 27%, respectively.

Conclusions:

Increased postoperative BNPs are independently associated with adverse cardiac events after noncardiac surgery.

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