Effects of Hypercapnia on Acute Cellular Rejection after Lung Transplantation in Rats

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Abstract

Background:

Hypercapnia alleviates pulmonary ischemia–reperfusion injury, regulates T lymphocytes, and inhibits immune reaction. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of hypercapnia on acute cellular rejection in a rat lung transplantation model.

Methods:

Recipient rats in sham-operated (Wistar), isograft (Wistar to Wistar), and allograft (Sprague–Dawley to Wistar) groups were ventilated with 50% oxygen, whereas rats in the hypercapnia (Sprague–Dawley to Wistar) group were administered 50% oxygen and 8% carbon dioxide for 90 min during reperfusion (n = 8). Recipients were euthanized 7 days after transplantation.

Results:

The hypercapnia group showed a higher oxygenation index (413 ± 78 vs. 223 ± 24), lower wet weight-to-dry weight ratio (4.23 ± 0.54 vs. 7.04 ± 0.80), lower rejection scores (2 ± 1 vs. 4 ± 1), and lower apoptosis index (31 ± 6 vs. 57 ± 4) as compared with the allograft group. The hypercapnia group showed lower CD8 (17 ± 4 vs. 31 ± 3) and CD68 (24 ± 3 vs. 43 ± 2), lower CD8+ T cells (12 ± 2 vs. 35 ± 6), and higher CD4/CD8 ratio (2.2 ± 0.6 vs. 1.1 ± 0.4) compared to the allograft group. Tumor necrosis factor-α (208 ± 40 vs. 292 ± 49), interleukin-2 (30.6 ± 6.7 vs. 52.7 ± 8.3), and interferon-γ (28.1 ± 4.9 vs. 62.7 ± 10.1) levels in the hypercapnia group were lower than those in allograft group. CD4, CD4+ T cells, and interleukin-10 levels were similar between groups.

Conclusions:

Hypercapnia ameliorated acute cellular rejection in a rat lung transplantation model.

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