CHA2DS2-VASc Score is a Predictor of No-Reflow in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Who Underwent Primary Percutaneous Intervention

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Abstract

Thrombosis and distal embolization play crucial role in the etiology of no-reflow. CHA2DS2-VASc score is used to estimate the risk of thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation. We tested the hypothesis that CHA2DS2-VASc can predict no-reflow among patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total number of 2375 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were assessed for the study. Patients were divided into 2 groups as no-reflow (n = 111) and control (n = 1670) groups according to post-PCI no-reflow status. CHA2DS2-VASc scores were calculated for all patients. CHA2DS2-VASc scores were significantly higher in the no-reflow group compared to the control group. After a multivariate regression analysis, CHA2DS2-VASc score remained as an independent predictor (odds ratio: 1.58, 95% confidence interval: 1.33-1,88, P < .001) of no-reflow. Receiver-operating characteristics analysis revealed the cutoff value of CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2 as a predictor of no-reflow with a sensitivity of 66% and a specificity of 59%. Moreover, in-hospital mortality was also associated with significantly higher CHA2DS2-VASc scores. In conclusion, CHA2DS2-VASc score is associated with higher risk of no-reflow and in-hospital mortality rates in patients who underwent primary PCI.

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